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Exploring entertainment gratifications beyond hedonism”.

Uses and Gratification Theory

Collective behavior and mass society theory revisited 1 ed. This contradicts previous theories such as mass society communicatinothat states that people are helpless victims of mass media produced by large companies; and individual differences perspectivewhich states that intelligence and self-esteem largely drive an individual’s media choice.

Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences. Rehman demonstrated a relationship between gratifications sought and obtained from the movies and movie attendance. Mcquail mass communication theory pdf download is a photo-sharing social media platform with more than million users worldwide. Jay Blumler and Denis Downloadd laid the primary groundwork in with their categorization of audience motivations for watching political programs during the time of the election in the United Kingdom [1].

The use of melodramatic animation in news was seen as an emerging technique used in news reporting at the time. These three types of gratification were emotional, wishful thinking, and learning.

Beginning in the s, researchers began seeing patterns under the perspective mcquail mass communication theory pdf download the uses and gratifications theory in radio listeners. In the study, seven motives were identified, through factor analysis, for viewing such animated news videos.

A UGT approach may be implemented to Cultivation theory cases to understand why an audience would seek violent media and if audiences seek television violence to satisfy the need of confirmation of their worldview. Retrieved from ” https: Use of social media cures loneliness and satisfies a compulsion for addictive behaviors.

Uses and Gratification Theory – Learning Theories

Duell, Sloan, and Pearce. Although such regulations may protect and enhance social equality, they also force us to deal more and more with nameless officials in distant and often unresponsive bureaucracies, and they undermine the autonomy of families and local communities. Social Science Computer Review.

Media served the functions of surveillance, correlation, entertainment and theeory transmission for both society and individuals [7]. Often, because of media’s influence, audiences have a more heightened and unrealistic perception of the amount of violence.

Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences. The researchers proposed seven uses and gratifications; they are listed below, from highest to lowest ranked according to the study’s mcquail mass communication theory pdf download. And third, the active audience exhibits goal-directed behavior. Recommended articles Citing articles 0. Given these differing theories, UGT is unique in its assumptions: MSDT acknowledges and builds upon UGT because it is based on the assumptions that people have different uses for media that downlload from their needs.

Observations on Intimacy at a Distance”. New York, Mcquail mass communication theory pdf download York: This page was last edited on 24 Juneat However, media dependency theory focuses on audiences’ goals for media consumption as the source of their dependency; while uses and gratification theory focuses on audience’s needs as drivers for media consumption.

In addition, perceived physical risks but not perceived privacy risks lead to weaker forms of usage. Ruggiero wrote that “most scholars agree that early research had little theoretical coherence and was primarily behaviorist and individualist in its methodological tendencies.

Crowd manipulation Managing the news Media manipulation. The researchers found four multi-dimensional narcissistic personality types: An interest in more psychological interpretations emerged during this time period.

An Exploration of Uses and Gratifications”. These audience motivations formed the foundation for their research in and led to USG later on. This concept of active audience finds, at best, limited acceptance outside of the United States. In Understanding the Misunderstanding, Meng Zhao studies the gratifications that Chinese audiences receive when watching American films.

They developed 35 needs taken from the largely speculative literature on the social and psychological functions of the mass media and put them into five categories:. This helped increase both use and gratification of the media by satisfying the mcquaio for connection. UGT explores how individuals deliberately seek out media to fulfill certain needs or goals such as entertainment, relaxation, or socializing.

Uses and gratifications theory – Wikipedia

Origins, methods, and uses in the mass media. UGT has a heuristic value today because thekry gives communication scholars a “perspective through which a number of ideas and theories about media conmunication, consumption, and even impact can be viewed”. Conceptualizations, theoretical analyses, and empirical explorations.

Structural functionalism Conflict theory Symbolic interactionism. There is particular interest in the link between why media is used and the gratification received. Due to their nature of mobility, constant access, and options to both add and access content, this field is expanding with new research on the motivations behind using mcquail mass communication theory pdf download phones.

Sociological terminology Military-industrial complex.